Questions and Answers on parentage?
What should be considered when determining paternity?
If one of the parties refuses to make this declaration, a petition for paternity establishment may be filed with the family court.
If this is not possible under German law, in the case of binational families there is the possibility that paternity can be established under the law of the other state and the application for this can be successful.
The choices of international family law based on the nationality of the persons involved may therefore broaden the scope of action.
What can I do if the mother does not consent to the parentage test - apart from challenging the paternity?
However, in view of the considerable consequential effects and the strict exclusion rules, it remains the case that an early examination of the judicial clarification options and obtaining qualified legal advice are particularly important in this area.
Why is it so important not to wait too long before disputing paternity when there are doubts about paternity?
For the child born in the existing marriage, the mother's husband becomes the legal father even if the spouses have been living apart for a long time and agree that the child is descended from the mother's new partner. The timely clarification of the parentage relationships should be examined particularly thoroughly, because both the German and most other legal systems provide strict rules and preclusive periods for the challenge of paternity by the adult parties involved, the non-observance of which can lead to a change of status being definitively ruled out. From a certain point in time, the child's need for stable living conditions should take precedence over the interest of an adult party to bring about a change in status. German law provides for a preclusive period of two years for contesting paternity, which begins to run as soon as the person concerned learns of circumstances that speak against biological paternity (§ 1600b Abs. 1 BGB). This time limit should be taken very seriously if there are clues to doubt the biological paternity of the legal father.
Rechtsanwalt Wolfgang Sattler, Fachanwalt für Familienrecht und Fachanwalt für Sozialrecht
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